The present day rail
link runs from Marks Tey through Chappel to Bures and finally terminates
However, today it only exists as a small branch line compared to its
original route which ran from Marks Tey all the way to Bury St Edmunds
The line was opened
throughout from Marks Tey to Sudbury for traffic on 2nd July 1849.
The original train service consisted of four trains in each direction
on weekdays only. Fares were governed by an Act of Parliament, namely
3d per mile first class, 2d per mile second and 1p per mile, third
class. Third class remained in force until 1956, when it was renamed
The journey time between Marks Tey and Sudbury, varied between 28
and 45 minutes which was the average for such a branch line.
(Today by modern Sprinter the average
journey time is 19 minutes)
It was not until 9th
August 1865, that the link to Bury and Haverhill was finally completed.
The Branch Line
that never was:- Railways were gradually spreading over the region
and it was proposed by a small railway company in 1863 called the
Mistley, Thorpe and Walton Railway to run a River Stour Extension
line from the main line junction at Manningtree along the south bank
of the river through Dedham and Nayland to Bures where it would have
joined the existing Stour Valley line which runs from Sudbury to Marks
Layout of rail
station showing sidings.
Layout circa 1900
Today the `Paddocks` housing estate resides on the former goods
(as reported in the 1858
Bury Free Press)
On Tuesday evening of the November 25th 1858, as the
goods train was leaving Bures station for Marks Tey,
the engine burst with a terrible explosion, scattering
portions a considerable distance, some weighing above
one cwt were thrown through the air up to 100 yards
Both the driver and stoker were uninjured, the explosion
shook Bures with doors being blown open.
(December 8th 1857)
William Hicks a
railway porter at Bures, was charged with stealing peck
of beans from a railway truck the property of Mr H.W.Westrop.
William Woods, an officer of the Essex Constabulary,
was charged with receiving stolen property.
Wicks two months in prison and Woods six months hard
Suffolk Chronicle January 5th 1867
County Standard Oct 27th 1881
Bury and Norwich Post
Oct 8th 1898
Suffolk Free Press Nov
Bury Free Press, February
(July 12th 1887)
There was a fatal accident at Bures railway station late on
Thursday night when Edward Smith a married man aged 50 years
an engine driver from Bergholt road in Colchester and a native
of Sudbury was killed. A pilot or additional engine was attached
to a heavy excursion train travelling from Clacton to Mildenhall
to assist in the gradients between Sudbury and Colchester.
The engine was detached at Sudbury and was making it's way
back to Colchester, when approaching Bures level crossing,
the gates of which were closed, the engine stopped and the
fireman got down to help the gatekeeper to open the gates,
when the engine got through the driver got down and the three
men were engaged in conversation when for some reason the
brakes became released, seeing this Smith ran to the gates
to throw them open, he opened one gate but was caught between
the buffers and the gate while attempting to open the second
gate, he was severely crushed and died instantaneously. Accidental
Newsman March 16th 1901
LNER Bures to Chappel
Child fare, First Class
The return half of a GER single
fare return to Sudbury, date not clear but probably around 1910.
(Ticket courtesy of Brian Pask)
< 1925 extract from Timetable
1925 Timetable indicates travelling
time from Bures to Marks Tey = 17 minutes
2016 travelling time = 12 minutes
Railway workers at Bures
Precise date unknown, but may well have been circa 1920
Four members of staff, possibly with initials HD, FC, AB and
AB would be Arthur Bitten.
HD :- Harry Diggins
FC:- F Cant
Image supplied by Guy & Caroline
The Railway Benevolent Fund was
set up to assist railway staff who fell on hard times especially
during ill health.
Image supplied by Guy & Caroline
My Gt Grandfathe SAMUEL FRANCIS. worked as a Goods Porter for
G.E.R. at BURES at least between 1905 to 1911 and lived on High
Street. Prior to this, he had previously worked as a Goods Porter
for G.E.R. at FRAMLINGHAM STATION from at least 1891, living
at Railway Terrace. Also, Samuel may have attended to the signals.
There is a family story of him being an avid reader, and while
awaiting a train became so engrossed in his book, forgot to
attend the signals, which almost lost him his job and the house
they lived. which belonged to the G.E.R.
His wife's pleading I believe saved the day.
My grandfather Charles Phillip
FRANCIS would have been around the age of 12 at this time.
Courtesy of Sue Walker, Leicestershire.
Station Layout 1890`s
The passenger platform and station buildings were on the east
(village) side of the line. The main station building was
of three floors, partly because of the difference in levels
at the site.
On top was a belfry which housed the train arrival bell, this
could be heard across the village.
This can clearly be seen on the photograph to the left.
Wagon of fruit
sent to Clacton, presumably apples.
Fred Eaves had two large apple orchards in the village.
One along side
Colne Road and the other behind Friends Field.
Both now vacant land
Ticket dated 2nd December 1932
To attract more
rail users special discounted Market Tickets were introduced
was a large Malthouse
on the west side of the line at the Sudbury end with Brickworks
beyond this. The signalbox was on the downside opposite the
Colchester end of the platform.
Cross & Garrods and Grimston & Co both had sidings at
the station, which could handle all classes of traffic except
furniture vans, carriages and portable engines.
To facilitate the unloading of wagons, a 1.5 ton crane on site
Note:- The arrival bell hidden
behind the post
The greatest obstacle between Marks
Tey and Sudbury was crossing the Colne Valley at Chappel and the
Mount Bures ridge,
Construction work here began in 1847 at a cost of £32,000.
The original plan was to span the valley with a timber arch on brick
piers, but this was changed when workmen found brickearth on site.
With brick making material at hand, the design was changed in favour
of a brick arch.
Building this viaduct proved extremely difficult, to the extent,
gunpowder had to be used in places to move soil. The structure was
completed in 1849, some two years later.
It is 1066 feet long, with 32 arches of 30 ft span each at a height
of 75ft. The workforce consisted of 606 men with a team of 106 horses.
Some 7,000,000 bricks were used in its construction.
The chief engineer was Mr P Bruff
who later addressed the Institute of Civil Engineers.
Listening to this presentation was Isambard Kingdom Brunel,
the renowned Great Western Railway engineer.
The Viaduct still stands today
as a monument to Victorian engineering
Photo courtesy of Game 1980
Mount Bures Ridge
line from Chappel towards Bures traverses over 2 miles of deep cutting.
Once the Mount Bures summit is reached it then falls steeply away
with a 1:90 gradient towards Mount Bures crossing and finally into
This proved to be major obstacle. There was little comfort or
shelter along this stretch of line, and the men desperately needed
sustenance whilst excavating the line. It was bleak to say the very
a hard days work the workmen would walk to Bures to have a drink
at the local pubs. However, it was not so easy to return having
to climb the ridge back to Mount Bures after devouring many pints
of strong ale.
the "Thatchers Arms" Public House was specifically opened
for the workmen. This immediately raised moral and provided refreshment
on-site with the added benefit of increasing the work rate.
The "Thatchers" still stands to this day and is in regular
Station 1950 - Signal box can clearly be seen.
||Outward half of an early BR
monthly return to Cambridge, dated 15th October 1951.
(Ticket courtesy of Brian
The ticket is an ex-London
blank card (which could have been issued for any journey from
London) issued from agency 903 for a journey from Liverpool
Street to Bures and back. This is the return half which would
have been used for the journey from Bures to Liverpool Street.
date circa 1954
courtesy of Brian Pask)
villager can recall in the mid 1930`s, timber being hauled from
Assington, through the village to the railway sidings. This contract
lasted for at least 12 months. Typically, during 1938, 597 tons
of timber departed from Bures.
Butlers Farm during the second World
War used to transport Blackberries and Mushrooms to "Robertons
Wholesalers" at Covent Garden. Butlers used to employ local
villages to pick these wild on the farm, as they were so prolific.
Butlers in the 1930`s also sent "SheepFleeces" by rail
to Otterburn in Northumberland for processing into wool. They were
then returned as Skeins which were unrolled into smaller balls of
wool for knitting. (Busky Laurie)
The main goods traffic was the transportation
of cattle. Back as far as 1913 on a Wednesday, an Express cattle
train would leave Colchester at 6.40am, destination Bury. This called
at Chappel, Bures and Cockfield attaching additional cattle trucks,
finally arriving at Bury in time for the morning market.
Cattle would often arrive back in Bures on the return journey, unloaded
and then driven through the village to their final destination,
the abattoir on Cuckoo Hill.
Various stations on
the line had cattle pens, allowing the transportation of livestock
to and from the Bury market.
This facility was axed during April 1961
The sidings can clearly be seen in the layout diagram above left.
"Cattle pen" is clearly marked at the sidings.
Outward goods traffic in 1938 amounted to 130 tons of meat.
Grain destined for the Maltings opposite
and to a lesser extent the "Mill", were shipped through
the goods yard.
Outward goods traffic in 1938 amounted to
tons of grain.
This was transported by rail to Swaffham railway station then
onward to Holme Hale.
Holme Hale was a station on the Swaffham to Thetford Line
The wagon label show the sender to be the "Bures Farming
Bures Farming Co is currently
being researched, the owners of this company remain a mystery.
Records at Companies House show it to be "Dissolved"
with no local name or address.
Why Holme Hale, this was
on the Theford to Swaffham line.
TO ABBEY:- this
may be a further clue, as there was an "Abbey and
West Dereham" station to the west of the Thetford
line feeding the Wissington Sugar Beet factory
This again is currently be researched
Other goods to numerous
to mention would have passed through the goods
yard, such as newspapers, bricks, coal, milk etc.
Excursion Sat 20th November
Rail ticket for a "Cheap evening excursion"
from Bury St Edmunds to Liverpool St.
This train arrived at Liverpool
St at 7.45pm, no idea what the latest train would have made
the return journey
Passenger traffic survey carried out
during 1955 found that the Stour Valley services clocked up 3270
miles during a single week, with a load factor of 17%, giving a
ratio of running costs to revenue of minus 415%.
1955 TRAIN EXCURSION
This was a new approach by BR to boost passenger travel.
300 people from Bures, Sudbury, Halstead, Lavenham and the Bury
area took advantage of excursions to Aladdin on Ice at the
Empire Station, Wembley.
||This ticket was
issued to travel between Birdbrook (Colne valley Line) and Olympia
This ticket is not predated, which suggests that there was a
series of trains rather than just one.
(Ticket courtesy of Brian Pask)
Not only were seats assured on a
heated train but theatre reservations on behalf of the passengers
had been made and the train travelled direct to Wembley Hill station,
only two minutes from the theatre. Food was served on the train,
programs distributed and railway officials toured the compartments
making sure that passengers were conversant with all the arrangements.
A BR official said "We believe that this approach is paying
long term dividends"
||Steam locomotive transports
goods near Bures on August 16th, 1957
approaching Bures, November 1958
||Signal Box 1958
(Courtesy of Suffolk Free Press)
1st 1959 diesel multiple-units and diesel rail buses took
over from steam. This showed considerable cost benefit, but
it did not stem the steady decline of passengers from the
This image shows a Derby Ligghtweight Trailer at Bures station
presumably sometime during the late 1950`s
There is no
records of this being used on the line on a regular basis,
so I can only conclude this may have been a trial run to see
the viability of a replacement DMU.
Brush Type 2 diesels (now Class 31`s) were often to be seen
on the Colne Valley section operating Clacton to Leicester
At that time it was still possible to travel from Marks Tey
through to Cambridge or Bury
of Brush Type 2, not taken on this lone
With increasing road competition the last freight train travelled
on the Stour Valley Line on 18th June 1962.
in rail freight traffic is rather ironic as the arrival of the trains
had earlier caused the demise of barge traffic on the river, carrying
goods. Rail was now faster and more reliable.
The coming of road vehicles was now having the same effect and the
carriage of freight by rail, was ultimately doomed.
However, a single freight train was retained and ran between Sudbury
to Bures and back when required, but this ceased on December 28th
1964. The signal box at Bures was no longer required and was demolished
to Bury passenger service ceased 10th April 1961, Lavenham, Cockfield
and Welnetham continued to handle parcels and goods for a couple of
Passenger service on the Colne Valley line ceased 1st Jan 1962
Long Melford to Lavenham track lifted 1962
Sturmer closed to freight on 25th June 1962
Welnetham closed to freight on 13th July 1964
Bures, Cavendish, Bartlow, White and Earls Colne and Gt Yeldham closed
to freight on 28th Dec 1964
Sible and Castle Hedingham closed to freight on 13th July 1964
1965, the then British Railways Board applied for permission to withdraw
passenger service from the whole of the line between Marks Tey and
Cambridge. After a bitter struggle, local opposition managed to get
the section between Sudbury and Marks Tey retained on account of its
potential growth in commuter traffic and the expansion of Sudbury.
However approval was granted for the section between Sudbury and Cambridge
to be closed,
Lavenham freight withdrawn 19th April 1965
to Haverhill ceased 19th April 1965
Halstead, White Colne, Earls Colne, Hedingham, Pamisford, Haverhill
South, Stoke, Lavenham and Cockfield all closed 19th April 1965
Clare, Linton, Glemsford and Long Melford closed on 12th Sept 1965
Haverhill North and all freight on the Stour & Colne Valley lines
withdrawn 31st October 1966
All passenger services to the north of Sudbury
to Cambridge ceased on 6th March 1967
Chappel signal box and all points removed 20th August 1967
Marks Tey - Chappel - Bures - Sudbury was now the only original 1849
section of the two branch lines remaining,
branch line veers to the right at the
Marks Tey junction
Crossing with Mr Yates the Keeper
at Bures with Robert Burch, 1962 - double track
DMU along the
Mount Bures cut, dated 1962 -
This date must be incorrect, as it still still dual track in
Disused Signal Box 1962 as it was no longer required for the Freight
Demolished 6th Sept 1965
Aerial Photo taken 1965
The signal box still survives but the track sidings have been
removed. Today it is the site of "The Paddocks" housing
The main rolling stock during the 1960s-80s were Diesel Railbuses,
Class 105 'Cravens' and Class 108 DMUs.
still in existance during 1965 >>>>>>>>>>>>>
Taken 17th February 1973
DMU E56380 and E50378 arriving at 11.07am on the Sudbury to
Note, the Canopy was removed
in the early 1970`s
Compare with the image above.
Also now single track - one track
was removed between 1965 and 1967
Mount Bures Crossing 1974, author
Mount Bures Crossing 1974, author
of Mark Dufton
Shown here in April 1978, Bures station with a Cravens/Gloucester
hybrid DMU about to depart for Sudbury.
DMU Class 105 on route to Sudbury
the 1980`s and 90`s, Class 101 DMU`s were a common sight.
A press cutting
from 1983 " Passenger levels on all but the morning and evening
peak services are extremely low; the survival of this branch beyond
the 1980`s must be in the balance"
This photograph shows the demolition
of the station buildings.
Taken by Olwen Titchmarsh, August 1983
Class 105 DMU
of David Lacy
Station circa 1920
Three storey booking hall to the left.
House:- Left was used by the Station Master.
The right side was the Police Station
Little has changed.
The latter part of
the 1990`s saw the arrival of modern rolling stock, in the shape of
Class 153 Sprinters
Demolition of the station house
data taken from Branches & Byways of East Anglia by John Brodribb
updat with newspaper cutting 22/02/2017